Glossary

Term Definition
Bole log Trunk or main stem of tree
Carbon sequestration The removal and storage of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into reservoirs, including forests and wood products
Clearfall A silvicultural system in which all trees in an area are removed at one time to allow regeneration to establish and develop as an even age cohort
Crown A tree’s canopy or upper foliage
First rotation (1R) The establishment of new plantations
Hardwood Tree species with hard or dense wood, or the timber from it
Harvesting Removal of trees as part of a silvicultural operation
Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) An engineered wood product used primarily for structural applications
Low-grade logs Logs unsuitable for sawmilling but suitable for other uses including manufacturing of reconstituted or engineered wood products, wood chipping, charcoal and energy generation
Plantation A planted forest to produce a resource
Residues Part of trees not suitable for sawlogs including branches, needles and tree stumps
Second rotation A new plantation of the same species established following the harvest of the initial planting
Sharefarming Contractual agreement with a farmer or landowner over an agreed period of years to use cleared land for commercial tree cropping
Silviculture The theory and practice of managing the establishment, composition, health, quality and growth of forests and woodlands to achieve specified management objectives
Softwood A general term referring to any of a variety of trees having narrow needle-like or scale-like leaves, generally coniferous. Also refers to the wood from such trees
Stumpage revenue The stumpage revenue is the timber sales revenue less production charges which includes management costs, harvest and haulage costs, and sandalwood processing and marketing costs
Sustainable yield The maximum level of harvest from a forest that can be maintained in perpetuity under a given management regime
Thinning Harvest of a proportion of the trees in an immature stand for the purpose of improving the growth of remaining trees
Timber General term used to describe wood
Veneer logs High quality logs that can be sliced or peeled to produce veneer